top of page

Los Angeles
Cardiology

los angeles cardiology #1

inpatient/outpatient US clinical experience
in cardiology

Specialty: Cardiology

MD2B Connect Physician ID # 44

​​

Where will this rotation take place: This combined inpatient and outpatient US clinical experience will take place in Huntington Beach.

​​

Hours: Monday through Friday 8 AM to 5 PM

Monday: New patient consults/follow-up of established patients/vein ablation therapy

Tuesday: New patient consults/follow-up of established patients

Wednesday: New patient consults/follow-up of established patients/nuclear stress test/vein ablation therapy

Thursday: New patient consults/follow-up of established patients

Friday: New patient consults/follow-up of established patients/nuclear stress test

Hours have been provided by the preceptor. Hours are subject to change at the preceptor’s discretion, but the minimum total hours will remain approximately the same.

What you will do: You will be under the supervision of a physician board-certified in internal medicine and cardiology. This physician holds staff appointments at University of California Irvine Medical Center, Fountain Valley Regional Hospital, Huntington Beach Hospital and Hoag Medical Center.  He is an Assistant Professor of Medicine at University of California Irvine School of Medicine. He is actively involved in the teaching of interventional cardiology fellows from the University of California Irvine. 

Please note that this experience remains within the regulations of California pertaining to the unlicensed practice of medicine. Rotators will not be practicing medicine but will be learning the following under the guidance of the physician preceptor:

 

  • Taking patient histories under supervision.

  • Performing physical exams under the physician's supervision.

  • Presenting patients.

  • Writing or entering clinic progress notes under supervision.

  • Researching the literature to answer clinical questions at the point of care.

  • Educating patients under supervision.

  • Delivering talks about important topics.

  • Have opportunities to teach other team members.

  • Learning about billing and coding. 

The activities above will mostly take place in the outpatient setting. As a result of hospital policies, inpatient activities will be more observational.

Approximately once every week, you will accompany the preceptor to the hospital where you will be able to observe procedures or round on hospitalized patients. 

You will receive regular feedback on your performance. 

You may also have opportunities to attend the Department of Medicine Grand Rounds and Continuing Medical Education Lectures in hospitals. 

You may also have the opportunity to work on a variety of projects to improve the physician's practice. Examples include creation of patient care handouts, writing of case reports, and participation in ongoing research projects. The exact nature of the project, if available, will be determined by you and your preceptor.

This will be an excellent opportunity to gain valuable skills in patient care while taking part in non-patient care related activities that will strengthen your CV for residency.   

Who should consider this rotation: International medical graduates (IMGs) and students seeking US clinical experience in cardiology. IMGs seeking careers in internal medicine or family medicine will also find this rotation particularly useful. 

How to obtain a letter of recommendation: The rotator should ask the preceptor for a LOR near the conclusion of the rotation. Dr. Desai has provided the physician with guidelines about best practices in letter writing that meet residency program requirements. In some cases, the preceptor may ask the rotator to write a letter of recommendation draft. 

​​

During the rotation: Our team will be checking in periodically with you to ensure that you are having an optimal experience. We encourage you to contact us if you have any questions during the rotation.

See Where Our Students Applying to Internal Medicine Have Received Interviews or Matched

Read Dr. Desai's Interview with Dr. Roy Ziegelstein (Vice Dean for Education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Former Program Director of the Internal Medicine Residency Program at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center) about How to Match Successfully in Internal Medicine

TESTIMONIALS

Parth

"I was given opportunity to see a lot of patients, many venous ablation procedures and ultrasound of extremities as well as echocardiograms. Each time, I was able to learn something new and implement it the next time I went into the room."

SELECT YOUR ROTATION OF INTEREST

We have multiple cardiology rotations in Los Angeles.

Please click on your rotation of interest below to learn more about the rotation

LA Cardiology #1
Doctor and Patient

los angeles cardiology #2

LA Cardiology #2

inpatient/outpatient US clinical experience
in cardiology

Specialty: Cardiology

MD2B Connect Physician ID # 44 & #261

​​

Where will this rotation take place: This combined inpatient and outpatient US clinical experience will take place in Los Angeles (40 miles south of downtown).

​​​

Hours: Monday through Friday 8 AM to 5 PM

What you will do: You will be under the supervision of two physicians board-certified in internal medicine and cardiology. Both have faculty appointments at the University of California Irvine School of Medicine – one is a Clinical Professor and the other is a Clinical Assistant Professor. Through these positions, they have gained extensive experience educating learners from diverse backgrounds. You will work with these attending physicians in both the inpatient and outpatient settings as they and their staff perform and interpret a plethora of cardiac tests and procedures. These physicians hold staff appointments at MemorialCare and Fountain Valley Regional Hospital and Medical Center.

 

Ordering and interpreting cardiac tests will be an important part of your practice during residency. However, few residents enter residency with adequate background knowledge in appropriate test ordering and interpretation. In one study of new internal medicine residents, trainees only read half of all ECGs correctly. Among the missed diagnoses were acute myocardial infarction, ventricular tachycardia, and complete heart block. The authors wrote that “internal medicine residents at the beginning of their residency training demonstrated low overall proficiency in interpreting ECGs and self-perceived confidence. Nearly all residents felt their training was insufficient.”

 

This experience focused on cardiac tests and procedures will allow you to gain comfort and confidence in your ability to appropriately order and interpret a variety of cardiac tests. By the end of the clinical experience, you will be able to answer the following questions:

 

·       What are the indications for this test?

·       What are the contraindications for this test?

·       How is the test performed?

·       How are patients monitored during the test?

·       How is the test interpreted?

 

Below we outline the tests that you will encounter and provide links to important articles that will enhance your learning.

 

Echocardiography

 

The rotator will learn how echocardiograms are performed and interpreted, an important skill for your future residency training. In fact, sonography has been identified as an important competency to be developed during internal medicine residency by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). You will learn the appropriate indications for the various echocardiographic modes, the limitations and potential artifacts associated with this test, and the characteristic findings in different cardiac conditions. You will also learn how images are acquired utilizing different scan planes, how to operate the ultrasound equipment, and the standard study protocol. Useful resources include:

 

Clinical Indications for Echocardiography (British Society of Echocardiography

 

Standard Transthoracic Echocardiogram: Complete Imaging Protocol

 

Cardiac Ultrasound Made Easy

 

 

Exercise Stress Testing

 

Rotators will understand the indications and contraindications of exercise stress tests and how patients are screened immediately before the test. Time spent observing how the test is performed will allow you to become familiar with the normal end points of the test, abnormal responses to exercise, and complications that would lead to discontinuation of the test. You will also learn how to interpret the test results (e.g., ECG criteria for positive test). Useful resources include:

 

Exercise Stress Tests: Protocols, Evaluation, and Termination

 

Stress Testing and Noninvasive Coronary Imaging: What’s the Best Test for My Patient?

 

 

Nuclear Cardiac Stress Testing

 

The rotator will learn skills of interpreting nuclear cardiac studies in the context of the patient’s clinical presentation. Useful resources include:

 

Stress Testing and Noninvasive Coronary Imaging: What’s the Best Test for My Patient?

 

American Society of Nuclear Cardiology Imaging Guidelines for SPECT Nuclear Cardiology Procedures: Stress, Protocols, and Tracers

 

Noninvasive Vascular Testing

 

Rotators will spend time observing noninvasive vascular testing, exploring the role of these tests in the evaluation and management of patients with vascular disease. Useful resources include:

 

Carotid Duplex Ultrasound: Interpretations and Clinical Applications

 

Cardiac Catheterization

 

Rotators will learn the indications, contraindications, risks, and benefits of cardiac catheterization procedures. Useful resources include:

 

SCAI Expert Consensus Update on Best Practices in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory

 

Please note that this experience remains within the regulations of California pertaining to the unlicensed practice of medicine. Rotators will not be practicing medicine but will be learning the following under the guidance of the physician preceptor:

 

·    Taking patient histories under supervision.

·    Performing physical exams under the physician's supervision.

·    Presenting patients.

·    Researching the literature to answer clinical questions at the point of care.

The activities above will mostly take place in the outpatient setting. As a result of hospital policies, inpatient activities will be more observational.

​​

You will receive regular feedback on your performance. 

 

Who should consider this rotation: International medical graduates (IMGs) and students seeking US clinical experience in cardiology. IMGs seeking careers in internal medicine or family medicine will also find this rotation particularly useful. Please note that this clinical experience is only available to rotators who have completed a prior cardiology experience.

​​

How to obtain a letter of recommendation: The rotator should ask for a LOR near the conclusion of the rotation. Dr. Desai has provided the physician with guidelines about best practices in letter writing that meet residency program requirements. In some cases, the preceptor may ask the rotator to write a letter of recommendation draft. Please note one LOR can be obtained from this experience.

​​​

During the rotation: Our team will be checking in periodically with you to ensure that you are having an optimal experience. We encourage you to contact us if you have any questions during the rotation.

See Where Our Students Applying to Internal Medicine Have Received Interviews or Matched

Read Dr. Desai's Interview with Dr. Roy Ziegelstein (Vice Dean for Education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Former Program Director of the Internal Medicine Residency Program at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center) about How to Match Successfully in Internal Medicine

TESTIMONIALS

Testimonials Coming Soon!

To start, schedule a free introductory meeting with the MD2B Connect team
bottom of page